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What do the Ingredients in Your Skincare do?

25 Jul 2019 by Myreen Young

If you are looking to buy a natural skincare product, then you are likely to be conscious of the ingredients used. You want a product that works well with your skin and achieves the results that you are looking for. But what do you choose? In this guide to skincare ingredients, we take a look at many of the most commonly used ingredients, and what each can offer you.

Essential Oils


Essential oils are often found in beauty products. As well as adding in some natural fragrances, these oils have many beneficial properties to aid the appearance and health of your skin. Here are some of the most commonly used:

Lavender Oil

Lavender oil is great for healing the skin, offering antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Because of this, lavender oil is particularly effective at healing burns and reducing the appearance of any scars. It can also be used to reduce itchiness and is gentle enough to be used for treating eczema.

Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp seed oil is a great multi-purpose natural product that can be used for a wide range of skincare wonders. It can be added to creams to enhance moisturisation, as it dramatically helps to reduce dryness. Hemp seed oil also has anti-inflammatory properties, so can help to alleviate itching and soothe skin.

Jojoba Oil

A plant oil used for aiding dry skin, jojoba oil is lightweight, offering great skin benefits without leaving any greasy residue. Because of this, and the fact that it has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, jojoba oil is often used to reduce acne.

Rose Oil

An essential oil that is found in many beauty products rose oil helps to heal the skin, with its anti-inflammatory and soothing properties. It works to tone and strengthen the skin, and is gentle enough for those with dry, itchy or inflamed skin, making it the perfect ingredient for many toners.

Tea Tree Oil

A powerful antiseptic oil that is known for treating acne, tea tree oil clears the skin by reducing excess sebum production. It relieves itching, encourages healing and prevents infection, making it effective for dealing with minor wounds and ailments.


This essential oil is known for its musky smell, but when used in creams and other skincare products, it works well to reduce and soothe inflammations. It helps to prevent the sagging and wrinkling of the skin.

Argan Oil

A plant oil that comes from argan tree kernels, Argan Oil offers antioxidants, which help to protect the skin from environmental stressors. Argan Oil is a good oil choice for those with dry skin and hair.

skincare ingredients


Vitamins are an essential part of your diet, and they are equally important in your skincare to improve the quality of your skin.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is the one for anti-ageing. Working to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, as well as improve the firmness of the skin. It smoothes the skin’s surface and can even out patchy skin tones, giving the face a fresh appearance.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is one of the best vitamins you can have in your skincare, especially for face products. It helps to stimulate the production of collagen, which helps to boost your skin’s elasticity and provides it with a healthy glow. Products with vitamin C in are typically best used at night, as the vitamin breaks down when exposed to light.

Vitamin E

A hydration-boosting vitamin, vitamin E is used to hydrate and soothe the skin. It is a particularly good ingredient for those with sensitive skin, as it works to reduce inflammation.

skincare ingredients


While at first glance, the thought of putting acid on your face might sound like a bit of a scary prospect, but certain acids actually offer incredible benefits to your skin. There are several different types of acid that can be found in your skincare, with each promoting healthy skin in different ways.

Alpha-hydroxy Acids (AHAs)

Alpha-hydroxy acids are some of the most common types of acid for skincare products. They are typically found in products for the face, such as tonics and creams, and act as an exfoliant. AHAs remove the layer of cells on the skin’s surface, making it smoother. It is a great anti-ageing skincare ingredient, as by exfoliating the skin in this manner, fine lines are minimised and your skin tone appears more even. Examples of AHAs commonly found in skincare include glycolic acid, lactic acid and citric acid. Due to their exfoliating powers, AHAs typically shouldn’t be used every day, until your skin becomes used to them. Following the use of an AHA, sun cream should be applied in the morning, as it can make your skin more sun-sensitive.

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid, a type of beta-hydroxy acid, also works to remove dead skin and help to smooth it. This type of acid better penetrates the pores and follicles, even when clogged with oil, making it a great help for treating acne.

Hyaluronic Acid

An acid renowned for its anti-ageing abilities, hyaluronic acid is most frequently used for reducing wrinkles. In addition, hyaluronic acid is a great moisturiser, it can be used daily, and in combination with other skincare products.


Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A and is renowned for its complexion-perfecting and wrinkle-reducing powers. Retinol is considered one of the best ingredients in skincare, as it is known to even skin tone, improve skin texture, and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. While retinol itself isn’t an acid, a more intense prescription version of this ingredient, Retinoic acid, is often used to combat acne.

aloe vera and skin cream

Natural Ingredients

Whether coming from plants, nuts or proteins, there are many other natural ingredients that play a part in our skincare products. These are some of the most commonly used:

Aloe Vera

A plant extract that helps to hydrate and soothe skin. The plant also offers antioxidant benefits. Aloe Vera is also known for its refreshing effect on skin that has been sunburnt or irritated.

Green Tea

A great antioxidant ingredient, green tea offers anti-ageing effects on the skin. Like Aloe Vera, it also offers a soothing quality and can help with sun damage.

Shea Butter

Shea butter is fat that comes from the nut of the shea tree. It contains a lot of vitamins and fatty acids that makes it ideal to use as part of your skincare. It is primarily used for its moisturising properties, as the fatty acids in shea butter work to restore lipids in the skin, without making it oily. 


A protein that comes from animals that helps to lock moisture into the skin. It helps promote the elasticity of skin and can offer a brighter complexion. This ingredient may also be listed as ‘Marine Collagen’, meaning that the proteins are taken from fish.


Glycerin helps the skin to stay moisturised and soft. It is a humectant, which means it attracts water to the skin, thus keeping it moisturised. Glycerin manages to hydrate the skin without blocking pores, so it is typically used in cleansers to reduce oily skin.

We hope this guide to the natural ingredients in your skincare has helped you to better understand the products you use. With this information, you can identify the needs of your skin, and find the natural organic body care products that include the ingredient that will help you best!